A bronze cross patee on which is
superimposed a four-bladed propeller, 1 11/16 inches in width. Five rays
extended from the reentrant angles, forming a one-inch square. The medal
is suspended from a rectangular shaped bar.
The ribbon is 1 3/8 inches wide and
consists of the following stripes: 3/32 inch Ultramarine Blue 67118; 9/64
inch White 67101; 11/32 inch Ultramarine Blue 67118; 3/64 inch White 67101;
center stripe 3/32 inch Old Glory Red 67156; 3/64 inch White 67101; 11/32
inch Ultramarine Blue 67118; 9/64 inch White 67101; 3/32 inch Ultramarine
The Distinguished Flying Cross is
awarded to any person who, while serving in any capacity with the Armed Forces
of the United States, distinguishes himself by heroism or extraordinary
achievement while participating in aerial flight. The performance of the
act of heroism must be evidenced by voluntary action above and beyond the
call of duty. The extraordinary achievement must have resulted in an
accomplishment so exceptional and outstanding as to clearly set the individual
apart from his comrades or from other persons in similar circumstances. Awards
will be made only to recognize single acts of heroism or extraordinary
achievement and will not be made in recognition of sustained operational
activities against an armed enemy.
The following are authorized components
of the Distinguished Flying Cross:
a. Decoration (regular
size): MIL-D-3943/15. NSN 8455-00-269-5748 for decoration set. NSN
8455-00-246-3826 for individual replacement medal.
(miniature size): MIL-D-3943/15. NSN 8455-00-996-5006.
MIL-R-11589/47. NSN 8455-00-252-9967.
d. Lapel Button
(metal replica of ribbon): MIL-L-11484/11. NSN 8455-00-253-0807.
a. The Distinguished
Flying Cross was established in the Air Corps Act (Act of Congress, 2 July
1926, Public Law No. 446, 69th Congress). This act provided for
award "to any person, while serving in any capacity with the Air Corps of
the Army of the United States, including the National Guard and the Organized
Reserves, or with the United States Navy, since the 6th day of
April 1917, has distinguished, or who, after the approval of this Act,
distinguishes himself by heroism or extraordinary achievement while participating
in an aerial flight."
b. Various designs
from the U.S. Mint, commercial artists, and the Office of the Quartermaster
General, were submitted to the Commission of Fine Arts and on 31 May 1927.
The Commission approved a design submitted by Mr. Arthur E. Dubois and Miss
c. Initial awards
of the Distinguished Flying Cross were made to persons who made record breaking
long distance and endurance flights and who set altitude records. The Secretary
of War authorized the first Distinguished Flying Cross to Captain Charles
A. Lindbergh in a letter dated 31 May 1927. With the support of the Secretary
of War, the Wright Brothers retroactively received the Distinguished Flying
Cross. This award required a special Act of Congress, since the law precluded
award to civilians.
d. The current
statutory requirements for award of the Distinguished Flying Cross to Army
personnel is contained in Title 10, U.S.C., Section 3749; Section 6245 for
Navy personnel; and Section 8749 for Air Force personnel. Enlisted personnel
may be entitled to a 10% increase in retired pay under Title 10, U.S.C.,
Section 3991, when credited with heroism equivalent to that required for
the award of the Distinguished Service Cross.
e. Order of precedence
and wear of decorations is contained in Army Regulation 670-1. Policy for
awards, approving authority, supply, and issue of decorations is contained
in Army Regulation 600-8-22.