The bronze medal is 1 1/4 inches in
diameter with an oxidized and relieved finish.
Obverse: In the center of the
medal, a military formation composed of a color bearer holding the United
States flag accompanied by two soldiers with rifles on their shoulders, all
three facing the viewer's left. Around the border on the sides are the words
PHILIPPINE INSURRECTION. In the exergue, the date 1899.
Reverse: Within a wreath composed
of pine on the left and palm on the right and tied at its base with a bow
is the inscription FOR PATRIOTISM FORTITUDE AND LOYALTY on five lines.
The ribbon is 1 3/8 inches wide and
is composed of the following vertical stripes: 1/16th inch Ultramarine Blue,
1/16th inch White, 1/8th inch Old Glory Red, 1/8 inch White, 5/8 inch Ultramarine
Blue, 1/8 inch White, 1/8 inch Old Glory Red, 1/16th inch White and 1/16th
Awarded for qualifying service between
April 21, 1898 and July 4, 1902, the Philippine Congressional Medal commemorates
certain services rendered during the Philippine Insurrection. It was awarded
to individuals who enlisted under the call of the President to serve during
the Spanish-American War (April 21, 1898 to Oct 26, 1898); remained on active
duty beyond the period of their enlistment to help suppress the Philippine
Insurrection; and serve ashore in the Philippine Islands between Feb 4, 1899
and July 4, 1902.
a. The Philippine
Congressional Medal was established by Act of Congress (Public Law 360, 59th
Congress) on June 29, 1906 and implemented by War Department General Order
124 dated July 9, 1906.
b. The medal was
established by Congress to be given to soldiers "who followed the flag" in
the Philippine Islands. Accordingly, the design included a color guard bearing
the American flag. The wreath on the reverse alludes to the Philippines (palm)
and to goals of autonomy and self-determination (pine). The colors of the
ribbon - red, white, and blue - represents the colors of the flag from both